Networking

Networking is a term that is frequently used to indicate a collection of autonomous computers interconnected by a single technology. This interconnection may be through a guided medium such as – copper wire, fibre optics cable, etc or through an unguided medium such as – air.
In Networking, the coherence, model and the software are absent. Users are exposed to the actual machines without attempting the machines look and act coherently. The platforms of different machines are visible to the user. In effect, the distributed system is system software that is built over the top of a network. This software gives it cohesiveness and transparency.
Example: World Wide Web (WWW) is an example of Distributed System.

Networking

Application of Networking:

Business Application:

Many companies had a substantial number of computers which worked in isolation with each other. At some point in time, management of different companies had decided to interconnect them to extract and correlate information about the whole company. So the first issue behind the formation of the computer network was resource sharing. The objective was to share the equipment and data so that it can be available to all who are connected to the network.

Home Application:

The modern age is the age of electronic communication. Information regarding news, sports, education etc. can be available through the Internet. Nowadays any newspaper or magazine can be subscribed and accessed online sitting at home. Users can use instant messaging or can chat with each other.
Another type of person-to-person communication in which a group of people can communicate with each other without the implementation of any client-server model. It is a computer network through which home entertainment can be implemented through the cable line in which the desired movie can be ordered to see instantly at home.
Another famous home application is E-commerce through which people can shop online. Online billing systems are also available for different companies through which people can pay online.

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Networking
    1. Types of Computer Network
    2. Transmission Modes in Data Communication
    3. Different Types of Network Topology | Mesh, Star, Bus, Ring, Tree, Hybrid Topology
    4. OSI Reference Model Layers
    5. TCP/IP Reference Model with Diagram
    6. Guided Transmission Media in Networking
    7. Types of Switching in Computer Network
    8. Difference between Shannon and Nyquist Sampling Theorem
    9. Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC)
    10. Checksum in Networking | Error Detection
    11. Hamming Code | Error Correction
    12. Automatic Repeat Request in Computer Networks
    13. Basic Features of High-level Data Link Control(HDLC) Protocol
    14. Data Transparency and Bit Stuffing
    15. Aloha in Networking | Pure Aloha, Slotted Aloha
    16. Carrier Sense Multiple Access (CSMA)
    17. CSMA/CD vs CSMA/CA
    18. Difference between Token Bus and Token Ring
    19. IEEE 802.3 MAC Frame Format | Ethernet Frame Format
    20. Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
    21. Link Control Protocol (LCP)
    22. CHAP vs PAP
    23. Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP)
    24. CDMA Architecture in Wireless Communication
    25. IEEE 802.11 MAC Frame Format
    26. Bluetooth Architecture & Bluetooth Protocol Stack
    27. Types of Networking Devices(Repeater, Hub, Bridge, Switch, Router and Gateway)
    28. Virtual LAN (VLAN)
    29. IPv4 Header Format Diagram
    30. IP Addressing and Subnetting
    31. IP Routing
    32. Properties of Routing Algorithm
    33. Shortest Path Routing Algorithm
    34. Distance Vector Routing Algorithm
    35. Link State Routing Algorithm
    36. Difference between ARP and RARP
    37. Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)
    38. Internet Protocol v6 (IPv6)
    39. Congestion Control and Quality of Service
    40. Leaky Bucket Algorithm in Networking
    41. Token Bucket Algorithm
    42. Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
    43. User Datagram Protocol (UDP)
    44. Domain Name System (DNS)
    45. World Wide Web (WWW)
    46. Components of URL
    47. File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
    48. Electronic Mail (e-mail)
    49. Hypertext Transfer Protocol (http)
    50. Difference between POP3 and IMAP
    51. Cellular Telephony in Telecommunication
    52. Difference between Hard Handoff and Soft Handoff
    53. Difference between AMPS and D-AMPS Cellular Systems
    54. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)
    55. Generations of Network 1G 2G 3G 4G 5G
    56. Types of Satellite Networks
    57. X.25 Protocol in Computer Network
    58. Types of Cryptography in Network Security
    59. Types of Ciphers in Cryptography
    60. Digital Signature in Network Security
    61. Internet Protocol Security (IPSec)
    62. Authentication Header (AH) Protocol
    63. Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP)
    64. Types of Firewall in Cyber Security
    65. Virtual Private Network (VPN) in Network Security