Generation of Computer 1st to 5th
1st Generation Computers(1949-1955):
The first electronic computer was developed in 1946, at the University of Pennsylvania in the USA, this computer named as ‘Electronic Numerical and Calculator (ENIAC)‘.
Features of 1st Generation Computers:
2nd Generation Computers(1956-1965):
In these generations of the computer, Transistors are invented, transistors are reliable when compared with a tube. They occupy less space and they require less power. Another major issue in this generation is magnetic memories are invented.
Features of 2nd Generation Computers:
3rd Generation Computers(1966-1975):
In these generations of the computer, germanium transistors being replaced by Silicon Transistors, medium-scale integrated circuits with 100 transistors per chip were developed.
Features of 3rd Generation Computers:
4th Generation Computers(1976-1998):
In these generations of the computer, VLSI (Very Large Scale Integrated Circuit) was developed. UNIX operating system was developed in this time period.
Features of 4th Generation Computers:
5th Generation Computers(1999-till today):
In this generation of computers, it is based on parallel processing hardware and AI (Artificial Intelligence). It means that the method of making computers think like human beings.