Difference Between Program and Process
Process is a program at the time of execution. A process is more than a program code.
It includes the program counter, the process stack, and the contents of the process register, etc.
A program is a static object that exist in a file. Whereas a process is a dynamic object, that is a program in execution. Program is a sequence of instruction in a programming language. A program is loaded into secondary storage devices.
Program vs Process:
|Consists of||1. Instructions in any programming language.||1. Instructions in machine code.|
|Object||2. Static Object||2. Dynamic Object|
|Reside in||3. Secondary Storage Device||3. Main memory|
|Span of time||4. Unlimited||4. Limited|
|Entity||5. Passive||5. Active|