C Programming is one of the most powerful programming languages, It is used to write computer programs for a variety of applications. C Programming was developed by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Laboratories during the 1970s.
C has flexible features to write programs for numerical, commercial and graphical applications. It is also used by Engineers to write programs for lower-level accessing along with assembly language. Many operating system programs for the latest computers and compilers are written using C language. C language was developed from B language which was modified from a language called BCPL (Basic Combined Programming Language).
There are two types of programming techniques commonly used:
In Procedural Programming, variables are identified and instructions are written using the variables in the correct sequence to get the request result. Sometimes the program may require the unconditional transfer of control from one part of the program to another using GOTO statements. This can be avoided by writing the statement sequence using many blocks that are called Structured Program. Procedural Programming is commonly used to solve scientific and engineering problems involving variables. C is one of the commonly used Procedural Programming Languages.
In Object-Oriented Programming, objects which have data related to a person or item are used. The program can be written using many functional blocks. The functional blocks contain instructions similar to procedural programming. It is commonly used to develop software packages. C++ is one of the commonly used Object-Oriented Programming Languages.