Difference between HTML and XML


It is a markup language that displays data and describes a web page’s structure. HTML is used to create web pages that contain text, images, links, etc.


It is a text-based markup language designed especially for web documents. XML defines a set of rules and instructions for encoding documents in a format that is human-readable and also machine-readable.


1. It stands for Hypertext Markup Language1. It stands for Extensible Markup Language
2. It is a predefined markup language 2. It is a text-based markup language that has a self-describing structure.
3. HTML is not case-sensitive3. XML is case-sensitive
4. HTML is a static language4. XML is a dynamic language
5. White spaces are not preserved in HTML. 5. White spaces are preserved in XML.
6. HTML has its own predefined tags6. XML has its own extendible tags
7. In HTML, Some tags do not have a closing tag7. In XML, it is mandatory to close each and every tag
8. HTML is used for designing a web page that is rendered on the client side8. XML is used to transfer the data between the application and the database
9. In HTML, there is no need to use quotation marks to represent attribute values9. In XML, the attribute value must be enclosed within the quotation marks
10. HTML ignores small errors and renders the content on the web browsers10. If there are some errors in the XML code, it cannot be parsed

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