Architecture of Internet of Things (IoT)

Internet of Things (IoT):

Internet of Things (IoT) means “collects and sends data“. Information from IoT tools exists in large data and is computed against it. IoT will shortly touch each phase of our lives – manufacturing, transportation such as traffic lights, cars and smart train tracks, as well as customer goods such as wearables, smartphones, etc.

The idea of the Internet of Things (IoT) plans to take a vast range of things and convert them into smart objects – everything from watches to refrigerators, cars and train tracks. Products which usually would not be coupled to the Internet and are capable to get and processing data are supplied with sensors and computer chips to gather data. However, unlike chips used in smartphones, mobile devices and PCs. These chips are mainly used to gather data which signifies product performance and consumer usage patterns.

Architecture of Internet of Things:

Architecture of Internet of Things can be defined as the one creates an intelligent, invisible network environment that can be sensed, controlled and programmed, IoT-enabled products employ embedded technology that allows them to communicate directly or indirectly with each other or the Internet.

We need to get a wider view of the IoT playground. To do that, the key players must first be identified. We classify the IoT players into three clusters:

  • Things
  • Gateway
  • Network and Cloud

1. Things: A thing can be a human being with an attached sensor, an animal with an RFID chip, a vehicle with sensors to alert the driver for some condition or any other object containing the IP address.

2. Gateway: It is the mediator or bridge between the thing and the cloud. Here, the thing speaks to the gateway and then the gateway communicates with the cloud and vice-versa.

3. Network and Cloud: This one contains various services helpful to the user for performance-specific action according to user requirements.

Challenges of IoT:

Developing the different layers of technology for the horizontal nature of the IoT requires developers and designers to deliver on the most basic Challenges of IoT:
1. Power Management

2. Connectivity

3. Rapid Evolution

4. Complexity

5. Energy Efficiency

6. Security Mechanism

7. Data Handling

8. Simplicity

Applications of Internet of Things:

1. Smart Home and Office

2. Self-driven Cars

3. IoT Retail Shops

4. Smart Agriculture

5. Wearable Devices

6. Big Data Analytics

7. Smart Healthcare

8. Traffic Management

9. Smart Pollution Control

10. Industrial IoT