A to Z List of All Windows CMD Commands

List of Windows CMD Commands:

CMD is a command-line interpreter of operating systems created by Microsoft Corporation. Here the List of Windows CMD Commands is given below:

1. CLS: It clears the screen.
Syntax: cls↩

2. CD: It displays the name of or changes the current directory.
Syntax: cd directory or sub-directory-name↩

3. DIR: It displays a list of files and sub-directories in a directory.
Syntax: dir↩

4. MD: It creates a directory.
Syntax: md new directory-name↩

5. RD: It removes (deletes) a directory.
Syntax: rd directoy-name↩

6. COPY: It copies one or more files to another location.
Syntax: copy file-name path of destination-directory↩

7. XCOPY: It copies the directory and sub-directory.
Syntax:  xcopy source-directory-name path of destination-directory-name↩

8. DEL: It deletes one or more files.
Syntax: del file-name↩

9. DATE: It displays or sets the date.
Syntax: date↩

10. TYPE: It displays the contents of text files.
Syntax: type text-filename↩

11. WIN: It is used to Start Windows.

12. TIME: It displays the current time.
Syntax: time↩

13. DELTREE: It deletes a directory and all the sub-directories and files in it.
Syntax: deltree /Y drive1-path drive2-path↩

14. MOVE: It renames files and directories.
Syntax: move the source-directory-name path of renaming directory↩

15. ATTRIB: It displays or changes file attributes.
Syntax: attrib drive: path-of-filename /s /d /l↩

16. CHOICE: It waits for the user to choose one of a set of choices.
Syntax: choice /C YN /M “Message1, Message2”

17. FC: It compares two files or sets of files and displays the differences between them.
Syntax: fc file-name1 file-name2↩

18. CHKDSK: It checks a disk and displays a status report. At first, right-click on Command Prompt and select Run as Administrator.
Syntax: chkdsk↩

19. DISKCOPY: It copies the contents of one floppy disk to another.
Syntax: diskcopy [drive1: [drive2:]] [/v]↩

20. FDISK: It configures a hard disk for use with MS-DOS.
Syntax: fdisk /status↩

21. SCANDISK: It scans your disk for errors and removes them. At first, right-click on Command Prompt and select Run as Administrator.
Syntax: sfc/scannow↩

22. FIND: It searches for a text string in a file or files.
Syntax: find “text” path of file-name↩

23. FORMAT: It formats a disk for use with MS-DOS.
Syntax: format drive-name: /q /fs:file-system↩

24. START: It runs a Windows program or an MS-DOS program.
Syntax: start↩

25. LABEL: It creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.
Syntax: label drive: volume-label↩

26. SYS: It copies MS-DOS system files and command interpreter to a disk you specify.
Syntax: SYS source-drive: destination-drive:↩

27. MEM: It displays the amount of used and free memory in your system.
Syntax: mem /f↩

28. SORT: It sorts input and writes results to the screen, a file, or another device
Syntax: sort file-name↩

29. SHUTDOWN: It shuts down or reboots your computer system.
Syntax: shutdown /s↩


shutdown /r↩

30. EXIT: It quits the command interpreter program.
Syntax: exit↩